Cognizable crimes are categorized either under the 'Indian Penal Code (IPC)' or under the 'Special and Local Laws (SLL)'. The Special and Local Laws identify criminal activities that the state government frames for specific issues. The SLL crimes data 2019 identifies 89 acts of crime framed as India's Special and Local Laws. The data is depicted in the form of a geospatial heatmap of the Indian subcontinent, highlighting the number of individual criminal acts in each district, recognized under Special and Local Laws of India.
The intensity of the color indicates the greater or lesser value of the SLL crime in a district. The brighter red color represents a higher value of the crime, while a lighter tone represents the lower value of the same crime in the district. For instance, let us have a look at the geospatial heatmap for Legal/Licensed arms recognized under Special and Local Laws. While most of the districts depict no or a smaller number of reported cases (highlighted in white and light pink), a significantly large number of cases have been recorded in Lucknow (37), Idukki (32), Haridwar (12), and Muzaffarnagar (11), among other districts. Similarly, a single value selection of any SLL crime takes you through the number of recorded cases for that particular crime across the districts of India.
A careful look at the overall magnitude of the SLL crimes represented in the dashboard, Liquor & Narcotic Drugs – Related Acts (Total) (Col. 43 to 45) shows the highest number of reported cases. Among these, Surat, Ahmedabad, and Vadodara districts in Gujarat, the district of Delhi, Mumbai district in Maharashtra, and Patna district in Bihar have the greatest number of reported cases. Majorly the larger portion of cases has been reported in western, central, and southern districts. Similarly, 'Other Regulatory & Enforcement – Acts (Total) (Col.74 to 79, Col.83 to 89)' is the SLL crime with the second-highest cumulative number of reported cases. Under the same, Thiruvananthapuram has the highest number of reported cases, followed by Chennai, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Kollam in the South, and Gurgaon district of Haryana in the North.
Hovering over the regional boundary of the total number of criminal acts reported under Special and Local Laws of India, it can be observed that the registered number of SLL crimes is more or less similarly distributed. However, a zoom-in into each region reveals more significant insights. In the northern part of India, a higher number of the 'Total cognizable crimes' is observed in the northern districts of Uttar Pradesh and districts covering major cities like Delhi, Gurgaon, Muzaffarnagar, and Ghaziabad. A closer glance at the North-eastern region brings our Katihar, Kamrup, Koch Bihar, and Jalpaiguri, among others, with a higher number of reported delinquencies.
Within central India, Bhopal, Indore, and Jabalpur districts of Madhya Pradesh, Raipur, and Bilaspur districts of Chhattisgarh, Yavatmal, Nagpur, and Nagpur Chandrapur districts of Maharashtra depict a higher number of cognizable crimes. While among the Western Indian districts, Ahmedabad, Surat, and Vadodara districts of Gujarat and Mumbai district of Maharashtra showcase more reported SLL crimes. Scrolling towards the southern districts, a darker tone of red represents a more significant number of total cognizable SLL crimes in the communities of Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam, Alappuzha, Kottayam, and Kollam, among other districts. Conclusively, Special and Local Laws (SLL) encompass a significant number of cognizable crimes recognized by the Indian law and enacted by the state governments of India. In the interactive geospatial heatmap depicting 89 different criminal acts under SLL, every state has a unique distribution of reported SLL crimes.